Practical Life is the foundation of the Montessori classroom. These activities help children to develop life skills including independence, coordination, concentration, self-control, self-awareness, confidence. The activities and exercises help children to understand the concept of order and organization and allows children to gain concentration skills and confidence in their own abilities.
Sensorial activities focus on the child’s five senses and gross motor skills. By completing these activities, children learn that they are capable of anything. Sensorial materials focus on color, size, and shape and focus the attention of the child on each specific detail.
Math in the Montessori classroom is based on learning mathematical concepts, first concretely and then progressing to the abstract. The materials are developed from simple to complex and allows the child to build on their math knowledge as they complete the activities and then progress to the next level. Order, coordination, concentration, and independence are experienced by the child using the Montessori math materials.
Language is a vast and complex section in the Montessori classroom. All of the language materials are designed to encourage development in oral vocabulary, written words, and reading. The materials encompass the natural order of learning to read, write, and speak by combining all aspects of language. Language development is encouraged in the classroom because of the freedom of conversation allowed to children.
In the Montessori classroom we focus on both physical and cultural geography. Physical geography discusses the formation of the universe, the earth, and all its physical properties. Cultural geography is the study of human society and culture. Through geography and culture activities, children learn about the world around them and start to process their place in their community.
Science activities encourage the child’s natural curiosity about things and how they work. Montessori science activities focus on botany, zoology, chemistry, physics, and astronomy. These activities help to establish the child to make connections about the world and develop problem solving skills and techniques.
Peace Education is ideal in the Montessori classroom. These specific and guided lessons focus on establishing peace within the prepared environment. It combines the actual experience of peace with exercises in mindfulness and intellectual academic activities leading to the understanding of peace. Lessons in grace and courtesy using a peace section in the classroom and conflict resolution tactics give children concrete ways to practice and model peace among themselves.